Grounds of Discrimination

Activities protected by human rights legislation include employment, accommodation and facilities, and meeting special needs. 1.  Employment Everyone has a right to “equal treatment with respect to employment” in the job application process, as well as in training, transfers, promotions, apprenticeship, dismissal, and layoffs. CONSTRUCTIVE AND DIRECT DISCRIMINATION Constructive Discrimination – employment policies that inadvertently…

Overview of Evidence Used in Criminal Trials

Evidence—Any proof legally presented through witnesses, records, documents, exhibits or other concrete objects for the purpose of introducing belief in the minds of the court, judge or jury.  The rules of evidence are found in The Canada Evidence Act. Purpose—Evidence is information that proves or disproves disputed facts.  Evidence must be legally obtained, admissible and…

International Law

Customs, rules, and agreements that govern relations between sovereign states.  More recently also includes handling such matters as human rights within the borders of sovereign nations. Is international law real law? Domestic Law Vs. International law No international legislature passing laws – UN closest to such a forum No comprehensive judicial system – International Court…

Types of Legal Defenses

Legal Defenses •    Insanity •    Automatism •    Intoxication •    Duress •    Self-Defense •    Alibi •    Necessity •    Mistake of Fact •    Provocation •    Officially induced error •    Entrapment •    Double Jeopardy Insanity •    Accused cannot perform the Mens Rea of the offence or is not fit to stand trial. To Prove Insanity you must: •  …

Aboriginal Rights

Aboriginal Rights: Collective rights rooted in historic cultural traditions and practices, based on ancestral use of the land. Rights as distinct peoples recognized in law and treaties Collective Rights: Rights held through membership to a group.  All members have same rights. Areas of Concern: Self-government Land ownership Control of natural resources The Royal Proclamation, 1763…