Political Culture & Law

Political Culture Culture: ‘patterns of beliefs and behaviour’ Institutional arrangements Social traits Political culture = cultural attitudes towards politics & government Attitudes, beliefs, values, norms about political issues and ideas Cultural differences among different groups and states Ideology Three categories of political culture: Parochial = negative + low Subject = positive + low Participatory =…

Government Forms: Parliamentary, Presidential, Constitutionalism

Centralization: What Form? Issue: how much centralization of power into the hands of a State government? classification = 4 types 1. Unitary central State government = all powers & govern whole state no legal challenger in political system, unlcss created by central government most common form: 150 states often: no constitution but traditional rules egs?…

Government Systems: Monarchy, Aristocracy, Democracy, Oligarchy

Classification Typology: classification system for claiming broad similarities or differences Aristotle’s typology based on two questions: who rules? in whose interest? Who Rules Lawful (common good) Lawless (private interest) One Monarchy Tyranny Few Aristocracy Oligarchy Many Polity Democracy modern concept of “democracy” = polity — constitutional democracy Dickerson and Flanagan’s modern typology Political System: Liberal…

Concepts of Politics: Power, Government, Society

Claims Society Politics Government Sovereignty(citizenship) The stats Power Claims Empirical = factual claims pointing to actual evidence Normative = evaluative (moral evaluation) Combination of both in all claims about politics, etc. Make a balance of both Society 2 or more people developing/having a social relationship with each other voluntary & spontaneous you create societies with…

Labour Force: Income Security & Insurance

Income Support System ·          Employment Insurance (EI) ·          provides a level of income replacement to those workers who are temporarily out of work and meet strict eligibility conditions ·          Social Assistance (SA) ·          provides minimal income support to those who do not qualify for Employment Insurance Key Concepts ·          Employment: any legal activity carried out…