> produces digestive enzymes and hormones

> hormone producing cells are in the islets of Langerhans

> islets contain beta (produce insulin hormone) and alpha cells (produce glucagon hormone)


> produced in beta cells

> released when blood sugar level increases

> cause muscle cells, the liver and other organs, to become permeable to glucose decreasing blood sugar level

> inside of cell, glucose is converted in to glycogen for storage

> causes decrease in blood sugar level


> produced in alpha cells

> released when blood sugar levels decrease

> causes conversion of glycogen to glucose, which is released into the blood

> causes increase in blood sugar level


>disease caused by insufficient production or use of insulin

> chronic with no cure

> causes many deaths and if left untreated causes blindness, kidney failure, nerve damage, and nontraumatic limp amputation

author avatar
William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team)
William completed his Bachelor of Science and Master of Arts in 2013. He current serves as a lecturer, tutor and freelance writer. In his spare time, he enjoys reading, walking his dog and parasailing. Article last reviewed: 2022 | St. Rosemary Institution © 2010-2024 | Creative Commons 4.0

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Post comment