Anti Racism Films: History & Development

In studying and understanding the politics and artistic ideologies of film not in the popular “Hollywood” tradition, films of different cultures must be examined to explore the political and social history of the struggles for cultural identity. The film becomes a means of consciousness raising and of creating political awareness. Films of revolution and social…

American Association of Retired Persons (AARP): History & Summary

Founded in 1958 by Dr. Ethel Percy, the American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) has been dedicated to addressing the needs and interests of older Americans. Percy felt that older Americans could attain a sense of satisfaction and fulfillment by remaining physically and intellectually active in society, thus came about his idea to form the…

Emancipation Proclamation: History & Significance

The emancipation proclamation was issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War, declaring all “slaves within any State, or designated part of a State… then… in rebellion,… shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.” The states affected were enumerated in the proclamation; specifically exempted were slaves in parts of the…

Alexander and Baldwin: History of (A&B)

Alexander & Baldwin, Inc. (“A&B”) is a diversified corporation with most of its operations centered in Hawaii. It was founded in 1870 and incorporated in 1900. Ocean transportation operations and related shoreside operations of A&B are conducted by a wholly-owned subsidiary, Matson Navigation Company, Inc.(“Matson”), and several Matson subsidiaries, all of which are headquartered in…

Spices: History, Benefits, Ginger & Cinnamon

For many centuries, spices and herbs have played an important role in many aspects of everyday life including cooking or medicinal purposes. Currently it is used as an alternative to treat different ailments and bacterial infections. Medicinal properties of spices and herbs may vary considerably depending on their molecular structure. Zingiber officinale (ginger) is a…