Letters as Literary Devices in Pride and Prejudice

Jane Austen, seventh of the eight children of Reverend George and Cassandra Leigh Austen, was born on December 16, 1775 (Warren, 2017).  Austen was an avid reader since her early years. However, her readings extended little beyond the literature of the eighteenth century. Writers such as, Samuel Richardson and Miss Burney tremendously influenced her.  Therefore,…

Kierkegaard and Johannes de silentio’s Religious Stages

Søren Kierkegaard, famously known as a ‘knight of faith’, was a religious author who later donned the title of the first existentialist philosopher in history. Furthermore, faith and religion played large roles in outlining many of his works and life. In his work, Fear and Trembling, Kierkegaard outlined the three stages of life: the aesthetic,…

Patriarchy in The Saffron Kitchen

Carol Patrice Christ, a teacher at Yale University once said, “The mother must socialize her daughter to become subordinate to men, and if her daughter challenges patriarchal norms, the mother is likely to defend the patriarchal structures against her own daughters” (Christ n.p.).  In The Saffron Kitchen, by Yasmin Crowther, a Muslim woman named Maryam struggles…

Conflict in Baz Luhrmann’s Romeo & Juliet vs. Shakespeare’s

Shakespeare’s original play, Romeo and Juliet and Luhrmann’s appropriated version, both investigate different types of conflict. The two texts are set in completely contrasting social and historical contexts of Elizabethan England to Southern California in Verona Beach. Despite the contrast of the two settings, both texts explore the external conflict which stemmed from the family…

The Chimney Sweeper: Songs of Innocence and of Experience

William Blake’s Songs of Innocence and of Experience contain parallel poems that contrast innocence and experience. Two such poems that share the name “The Chimney Sweeper” both depict a young boy working the deadly job of a chimney sweeper but in startlingly different ways. The narrator of “The Chimney Sweeper” in Songs of Innocence lives…