The Causes of World War I

Militarism Alliances Imperialism Nationalism Militarism Def: Building up of arms (weapons) to deter (scare) others from attacking. Germany was competing with the UK to build battleships. The British feared an attack on their Empire Germany was competing with Russia and France to expand their armies Alliances Def: Banding together of countries against a common threat.…

Nations in Upheaval: Europe: 1850-1914 (France, Germany, Britain)

The Rise of the Nation-State Political leaders driven to consolidate power By 1871 the process of consolidation and unification had created modern Germany and Italy, altering the balance of power The struggle between states for land and wealth occurred primarily outside Europe through imperialism The process of expanding a nation’s territory through the acquisition of…

Battle of Britain

Hitler’s belief: after Norway, Denmark, Poland, Luxembourg, Belgium, Holland and France fell into German hands, Britain would only naturally be so scared after being thrown out of Europe that it would beg for surrender. Two options: Limited military action, propaganda and political warfare An actual invasion July 10, 1940: Operation Sea lion – an invasion…

The Dieppe Raid

Winston Churchill and Allies under intense pressure to “do something” to relieve pressure on Soviet Union – “Operation Jubilee” was to be a quick raid: – Gather information, test tactics for a later invasion, worry the Nazis – Aug. 19th, 1942 6000 troops land in France (5000 are Canadians): – 900 die on beaches –…