Methods of Data Collection in Psychology: Pros & Cons

Method Primary Feature Main Advantages Main Disadvantages Case Studies An individual, group, or event is examined in detail, often using several techniques (Ex. Observation, interview, psychological test) Provides rich descriptive info, often suggesting hypotheses for further study. Can study rare phenomena in depth Poor method for establishing cause-effect relations.  The person or event may not…

Sex Psychology: Attraction, Love, Effective Communication

ATTRACTION Girl next door: You are most likely to meet and be attracted to or attract; people within your geographic and time range. Most people meet through: 1) Friends (1/3), School, Family and Religious Events. Repeated contact increases a person’s “liking” (Saegert et al) Mere-Exposure Effect; repeated exposure to stimuli increases our liking for that…

Sexual Development in Adults: Singles, Cohabitation, Marriage, Divorce

SEX AND SINGLE PERSON Sexual Development. Individuals continue to develop sexual identity and orientation. Some individuals continue to struggle with their homosexuality or bisexuality. People learn their sexual likes/ dislikes through experience. Some people seek out more sex with more new partners. Two issues about achieving sexual maturity: 1) Become responsible about sex (i.e contraception,…

Child Sexual Development: Infancy, Early Childhood, Adolescence

Adult reporting on childhood sexual experiences often forget; error prone. Interviewing a child about sexual experiences if met with great opposition; computer interviews are used. INFANCY (0-2 YRS) Boy have been shown to have reflex boners during prenatal period and girls have vaginal lubrication after brith. First intimate relationship child has is with mother (i.e…

Sex Psychology: Sexual dysfunction & Sexual Disorders

Sexual dysfunction: problem with sexual response that causes significant psychological distress or interpersonal difficulty. Four types of Sexual Disorders: 1) Desire Disorder: hypoactive sexual desire, sexual aversion 2) Arousal Disorders: erectile disorder female sexual arousal disorder 3) Orgasmic Disorders: rapid ejaculation, male orgasmic disorder, female orgasmic disorder. 4) Sexual pain Disorders: dyspareunia, vaginismus **sexual disorders…

Sex Psychology: Sexual Response, Sexual Behavior, Sex Differences

Several Stages to sexual arousal: desire, excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution Vasocongestion: large blow flow into blood vessels (in this case genitals) Myotonia: muscle contact; not only the genitals but throughout the body EXCITEMENT Beginning of erotic arousal; basic physiological process that occurs during excitement is Vasocongestion In men..its results in an ERECTION, tightening of…

Sex Psychology: Theoretical Perspectives on Sexuality

Evolutionary Sociobiology: using evolutionary biology to under social behavior of animals (i.e humans) Certain sexual behaviours evolved because it gave ancestors an evolutionary advantage Natural Selection: best adapted will contribute more offspring Evolution: hereditable traits passed on Attempts to explain why we court each, how we judge appearance, emotional care/bonds Sexual Selection: selection that results…