The Justification for Specific Group Rights in a Multicultural Society

Debates concerning multiculturalism are sure to spark controversy. In today’s modern societies multicultural views are seen as progressive and those who oppose these ideas are frequently seen as archaic and ignorant. But what is multiculturalism by definition; does it even have one? The sensitive debates surrounding multiculturalism have only emerged in political discussions in recent…

Socialization and Social Interaction

Becoming Human There are two basic approaches to understanding how we develop our personalities – broadly defined as an individual’s relatively stable pattern of behaviours and feelings – and become members of the larger society These are the biological approach and the environmental approach, traditionally referred to as the nature vs. nurture debate o   The…

Research, Methodology, and Ethics

Avenues to Knowledge and Reasoning The kinds of research questions you will ask will always depend on the theoretical perspective from which you are working Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches Quantitative refers to numerical data involves converting aspects of social life into numbers and determining whether a significant relationship exists between sets of numbers Qualitative refers…

What is Sociology?

Coined by Auguste Comte (1798-1857), meaning the study of society- socius (being with others) ology (the study of) Henslin et al: “simply put, sociology is the discipline study of human social behaviour, especially the investigation of the origins, classifications, institutions, and development of human society on a global level” “the systematic study of social behaviour…

What is Feminism: Ideology & History

Key Ideas Many types of feminism (listed by Trimble) Key concepts: “sex”, “gender”, “masculine” and “feminine” Sex: biological, physiological, Gender: social construction of roles humans sexed male and female “Determine a person’s social, economic, cultural, and political status” Constructed discursively & materially One gender is valued or superior More than 2 genders (more than 2…

Socialism: Ideas, History, Marxism

Key Ideas Many ideologies linked together by similar ideas drawn mainly from Karl Marx’s critique of capitalism Marxism Social Democracy Socialism Marxist-Leninism Anarchism Syndicalism Stalinism Maoism Feminism Reform liberalism *Note: there is no communist ideology, economy, etc.! Oppose capitalism because it is neither free nor just Capitalism is an unjust, exploitative economic system, thus generating…

What is a Self? (Aristotle)

Self Affects (affectivity, emotions) Own (property) Perceptions Knowledge Centre (ego, “I”) Aristotle’s Thesis: There is no modern sense of self; rather there is a soul that perceives, thinks, and nourishes. [the soul must be in common, public, and justified] Background to Aristotle (384 – 322 BCE) Macedonia Tutor of Alexander the Great Life separated into…

Understanding the Theories of Attraction and Mate Selection

Theory Who? Main Concepts Relationships Related Theoretical Perspective Natural Selection Evolutionary psychologists -women prefer to mate with men who would be good fathers and who would stay around to be good providers -men preferred to mate with women who could bear healthy babies who could feed their children -could apply to any given relationship; especially…