Erik Erikson and the 8 Stages of Development

Ÿ  Erikson’s theories are the best-known theories of personality and development. Ÿ  Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of predetermined stages. Ÿ  His theories are psychosocial, and not psychosexual. Ÿ  Describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan. Ÿ  In each stage of development, Erikson described conflicts that act as turning…

Memory: Storing & Accessing Information

Memory – processes that allow us to record and later retrieve experiences and information Memory as Information Processing Encoding – getting information into the system by translating into a neural code that your brain processes Storage – retaining information over time Retrieval – the process of accessing information in long term memory Three-Component Model Three…

Learning: Classical Conditioning & Operant Conditioning

Learning – process by which experience produces a relatively enduring change in an organism’s behaviour or capabilities Adapting to the Environment Behaviourists focus on how organisms learn, examining the processes by which the experience influences behaviour Ethology focuses on the functions of behaviour Adaptive significance – how behaviour influences an organism’s chances for survival Fixed…

Statistics in Psychology: Variance, Deviation

Descriptive Statistics: Summarizes and describes characteristics of a set of scores for a group Frequency Distribution: # of people who received each score Histogram: frequency distribution turned into graph. Measure of central tendency: mean (average), median (middle), mode (most often) Measure of variability: provide info about spread of scores (i.e range) (highest- lowest) least informative…