What Do Jews Believe? Jewish Practices and Rituals

There is one God who is the creator of everything God is immaterial (without form) God governs the universe with honour and justice Therefore, humanity has an obligation to worship God Jewish Practices and Rituals The Synagogue: Place of worship and study Sometimes called “Shul” (Yiddish for school) The Torah Scroll: Holy book Most sacred…

First Nations Spirituality

Origins -Archaeological evidence suggests humans came to North America approximately 14,000 years ago, across the Bering land bridge -Most First Nations creation stories suggest that people have simply always been here (e.g. The Haida people’s Raven story, Iroquois people’s turtle island story Beliefs -Many First Nations people practice Christianity – a reminder of the impact…

Three Aspects of Religion

Religion as Belief Belief in what? The truth and existence of God(s) and/or Goddess(es) Cosmic Order? Afterlife? “Something out there” Truth contained in religious texts, doctrines (beliefs), and/or ethics? Why do people believe?  What convinces them of their belief? What does this sort of belief do for the believer? Religion as Rite (practice) Sacraments, prayer,…

Mental Disorders: Types and Causes

What is “abnormal”? Mental disorders are characterized by abnormal behaviour, thoughts and feelings “abnormal” – any departure from the norm (different) Examples?? Pejorative connotation – characteristics we dislike or fear Behaviour is maladaptive Causes distress or discomfort, often interfere with people’s ability to lead useful, productive lives, make it impossible for people to hold jobs,…

Wilhelm Wundt: Biography and Contributions

Introduction: Real name: Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt Was a German medical doctor, psychologist, physiologist, and a professor. Widely known as the father of experimental psychology Studied from many universities in Germany specially in medicine the first one in history to be called a ‘psychologist’ Best Known for: Voluntarism Introspection (observation or examination of one’s own mental…