Metaphysics: The Theory of Existentialism

Existentialism is defined as the philosophical theory, which holds that a further set of categories, governed by the norm of authenticity, is necessary to grasp human existence. What makes this philosophical argument distinct is not its concern with existence overall, but rather its claim that thinking of human existence requires new categories that are not…

Borderline Personality Disorder: Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

Definition Borderline personality disorder is a mental condition where people have long-term patterns of unstable emotions (Ncbi). Borderline personality disorder, BPD for short, causes emotional instability that leads to a variety of other stressful mental and behavioral problems. With borderline personality disorder, severely distorted self-image and feelings of worthless, Anger, impulsiveness and frequent mood swings…

Diglossic Situation in Egypt: Past, Present, Future

Introduction People use different codes of speech for various situations in a mutually exclusive way. This phenomenon intrigued the attention of many linguists who studied it and called it “diglossia”. This term originated from the Greek diglōssos, with “di-” for “two” and “glossa” for “tongue” or “language”, so meaning speaking two languages (The Free Dictionary,…

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: The Bourgeois & Proletariat

Chapter 3 in Wadsworth is an essay by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in which they discuss the division of society.  The essay begins, “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.” (Wadsworth, 2011)  This statement is one of the foundational beliefs of Communism, which includes the theory that society…

D. L. Rosenhan’s On Being Sane in Insane Places: Summary & Analysis

In his essay, On Being Sane in Insane Places, D. L. Rosenhan discusses a series of experiments that he participated in involving psychiatric institutions and the effect of misdiagnoses of psychological disorders on the patients admitted to the hospitals.  Rosenhan’s research shows us that the labels associated with mental illness (particularly schizophrenia) have a significant…