Chinese Cultural Revolution (1965- 1976): Terms & Definitions

1. Big-Character poster: Are handwritten, wall-mounted posters using large-sized Chinese characters, used as a means of protest, propaganda, and popular communication. 2. Commissar: A Communist party official assigned to a military unit by the CCP to teach party principles and policies and to ensure party loyalty. Today the political commissar is largely responsible for administrative…

Ancient Roman Theater: Comedy, Tragedy, Atellan farce, Pantomime

Roman regarded theatre almost as equal as chariot-racing and gladiatorial contests Two most popular variations were: Comedy & Tragedy Set the foundation for European culture & drama over other forms of ancient entertainment Romans were only people of classical antiquity to adapt Greek literature into their own language Originally plays were written in Greek, but…

Essay: Importance of Propaganda in Training Hitler’s Troops

In films of Adolf Hitler’s Nazis marching the streets in military displays, there is a chilling atmosphere of complete conformity and belief in Nazism. The soldiers seem never-ending in number and proudly sing traditional German songs, marching simultaneously as though they were one single entity bent on achieving Hitler’s goals[1]. In the Holocaust, six million…

Ancient Greek Athletic Gymnasion & Education

Athletes trained in gymnasion & palaistra (usually collectively referred to as gymnasion) Vitruvius (Roman architect) defined the ideal palaistra as: 1) large central courtyard (open to the sky; surrounded by roofed colonnades) [known as PERISTYLE (surrounded by columns) -> area was used for boxers, wrestlers, pankration Single colonnades found on three sides; double colonnade on…

Slavery & African Americans After The Civil War (1865- 1872)

In 1865, after the Civil War, the long process of Reconstruction began. Congress passed new laws to give African Americans freedom. First, they passed the Thirteenth Amendment which officially ended slavery. Congress then created the Freedmen’s Bureau to help the recently freed slaves. After President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments were…