On the Duty of Civil Disobedience (1849): Henry David Thoreau

Thoreau (1817-1862) was an American naturalist and writer.  This work of his has become the basis of non-violent protest throughout history and the world.  Thoreau believed that nonviolence or passive disobedience was necessary whenever government edict conflicted with higher moral law- the ideal natural law, from which human law was derived. I heartily accept the…

The Second Red Scare

With onset of Cold War in late 1940s began 2nd Red Scare.  This included: House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) was est. in WW2 to investigate ‘unpatriotic behavior’- late 1940s devoted to catching Communists -Highest profile investigation into Hollywood motion picture industry- produced a list called ‘The Red Channels’ identifying suspected Commies in Hollywood High…

Holidays, Festivals and Celebrations in the Elizabethan Era

January-Twelfth Night Celebrated evening of January 5 Celebrates the end of Christmas February-Valentines Day February 14th was the day of Valentines Day. Celebrates love. March – Easter Easter was suppose to resemble religious mysteries and the humans urges we have towards light and warmth April- All Fool’s Day Celebrated April 1 Everything is backwards on…

The British Empire & the Victorian Era

The British Empire A former collective term for the territories under the leadership or control of the British crown, including those in the Commonwealth of Nations and their colonies, protectorates, dependencies, and trusteeships (including the Dominion of Canada, Australia, India, & much of Africa) “Why does the sun never set on the British Empire?” “Because…

The American Voting System: Electoral College

The American voting system elects legislators based on one geographical district; by majority or plurality (whoever gets the most votes in that district wins). The districts are whole states for Senators and parts of states for House members. This is known as the “First-past-the-post” system. In the parliamentary system, all legislators are elected at-large, meaning…

Slavery in the Early Settlements

The Origins of the Minority Groups in America Native Americans –       As the settlers took over the land, the Natives went through back- breaking work done on farms –       Conquistadors forced Natives to work for a tax –       Slave-like existence –       Working conditions in gold and silver mines were unsanitary, dark, cave-like –       Diseases spread:…