Important Events and Dates in Modern European History

1341 (April 6)     Petrarch crowned Poet Laureate. The Renaissance begins. 1397:                 Giovanni de Medici Moves to Florence: Giovanni de Medici, the papal banker, settles in Florence and becomes a patron of the arts, beginning the Medici rule over Florence. 1401:                 Ghiberti awarded the Right to Sculpt the Doors of The Baptistry in Florence: It takes…

Contributions of Ancient Rome

RELIGION Facilitated the spread of Christianity throughout the Empire. GOVERNMENT Democracy plus Senate (Members represented sections of society) LITERATURE Ovid: Metamorphoses, Virgil: Aeneid, Cicero: Rhetorical works. HISTORICAL WORKS Tacitus: Histories;  Julius Caesar: Histories of  Rome. CONSTRUCTION Marcus Vitruvius Pollio: “De architectura,” deals with urban planning, building materials, temple construction, public and private buildings, and hydraulics,…

Heian Period

Movement to “Heian-kyo” known today as Kyoto, capital of Japan from 794 until 1868 Abandoning the Chinese Sent no further missions to China severed continental contact = increasing independence, adaptation The City of Heian-kyo Rectangular about 2 1/2 miles across from west to east and about 3 1/2 miles long from north to south. A stone…

Ancient Japan

An Introduction Our Records… Japan does not appear in history until 57 CE when it is first mentioned in Chinese histories. In these histories, it is referred to as “Wa.” The Chinese historians tell us of a land divided into a hundred or so separate tribal communities without writing or political unity. Their Records… The…

Hitler’s Views of the Jews

1. The Jews wanted to denationalize and de-stabilize Germany by: Sowing confusion Lowering the racial level of the highest Dominate the races by exterminating the intelligentsia (intelligent people) Replace them (the intelligentsia) with members of the Jewish race Race mixing, e.g. the Jews brought Blacks in the Rhineland – this led to the cohabitation of…

Start of World War II

BLITZKRIEG The German word meaning “lightening war”, the military strategy of softening a country up through intensive air raids followed by rapid use of armoured and infantry units, based on speed and surprise. revolutionary style of hard, fast warfare based on surprise attack the key to its success was close co-operation between the German Panzer…

The Dieppe Raid

Winston Churchill and Allies under intense pressure to “do something” to relieve pressure on Soviet Union – “Operation Jubilee” was to be a quick raid: – Gather information, test tactics for a later invasion, worry the Nazis – Aug. 19th, 1942 6000 troops land in France (5000 are Canadians): – 900 die on beaches –…