Important Events and Dates in Modern European History

1341 (April 6)     Petrarch crowned Poet Laureate. The Renaissance begins. 1397:                 Giovanni de Medici Moves to Florence: Giovanni de Medici, the papal banker, settles in Florence and becomes a patron of the arts, beginning the Medici rule over Florence. 1401:                 Ghiberti awarded the Right to Sculpt the Doors of The Baptistry in Florence: It takes…

Contributions of Ancient Rome

RELIGION Facilitated the spread of Christianity throughout the Empire. GOVERNMENT Democracy plus Senate (Members represented sections of society) LITERATURE Ovid: Metamorphoses, Virgil: Aeneid, Cicero: Rhetorical works. HISTORICAL WORKS Tacitus: Histories;  Julius Caesar: Histories of  Rome. CONSTRUCTION Marcus Vitruvius Pollio: “De architectura,” deals with urban planning, building materials, temple construction, public and private buildings, and hydraulics,…

Heian Period

Movement to “Heian-kyo” known today as Kyoto, capital of Japan from 794 until 1868 Abandoning the Chinese Sent no further missions to China severed continental contact = increasing independence, adaptation The City of Heian-kyo Rectangular about 2 1/2 miles across from west to east and about 3 1/2 miles long from north to south. A stone…

Ancient Japan

An Introduction Our Records… Japan does not appear in history until 57 CE when it is first mentioned in Chinese histories. In these histories, it is referred to as “Wa.” The Chinese historians tell us of a land divided into a hundred or so separate tribal communities without writing or political unity. Their Records… The…

The Dieppe Raid

Winston Churchill and Allies under intense pressure to “do something” to relieve pressure on Soviet Union – “Operation Jubilee” was to be a quick raid: – Gather information, test tactics for a later invasion, worry the Nazis – Aug. 19th, 1942 6000 troops land in France (5000 are Canadians): – 900 die on beaches –…

Germany After WWI

ECONOMIC PROBLEMS (INFLATION) Instead of taxing its people to finance WWI, Germany had borrowed the money. Thus it had burdened its citizens with a huge debt. To payoff this debt after the war, the German government simply printed more money. This was done even though the country’s industry, agriculture, and commerce were not expanding because…

Slang of the 1920s

All Wet – Describes an erroneous idea or individual, as in, “he’s all wet.” Applesauce – an expletive; same as horsefeathers; as in “Ah applesauce!” Bee’s Knees – An extraordinary person, thing, idea; the ultimate Berries – That which is attractive or pleasing; similar to bee’s knees; as in “It’s the berries.” Big Cheese –…