Heian Period

Movement to “Heian-kyo” known today as Kyoto, capital of Japan from 794 until 1868 Abandoning the Chinese Sent no further missions to China severed continental contact = increasing independence, adaptation The City of Heian-kyo Rectangular about 2 1/2 miles across from west to east and about 3 1/2 miles long from north to south. A stone…

Ancient Japan

An Introduction Our Records… Japan does not appear in history until 57 CE when it is first mentioned in Chinese histories. In these histories, it is referred to as “Wa.” The Chinese historians tell us of a land divided into a hundred or so separate tribal communities without writing or political unity. Their Records… The…

Hitler’s Views of the Jews

1. The Jews wanted to denationalize and de-stabilize Germany by: Sowing confusion Lowering the racial level of the highest Dominate the races by exterminating the intelligentsia (intelligent people) Replace them (the intelligentsia) with members of the Jewish race Race mixing, e.g. the Jews brought Blacks in the Rhineland – this led to the cohabitation of…

Start of World War II

BLITZKRIEG The German word meaning “lightening war”, the military strategy of softening a country up through intensive air raids followed by rapid use of armoured and infantry units, based on speed and surprise. revolutionary style of hard, fast warfare based on surprise attack the key to its success was close co-operation between the German Panzer…

The Dieppe Raid

Winston Churchill and Allies under intense pressure to “do something” to relieve pressure on Soviet Union – “Operation Jubilee” was to be a quick raid: – Gather information, test tactics for a later invasion, worry the Nazis – Aug. 19th, 1942 6000 troops land in France (5000 are Canadians): – 900 die on beaches –…

Germany After WWI

ECONOMIC PROBLEMS (INFLATION) Instead of taxing its people to finance WWI, Germany had borrowed the money. Thus it had burdened its citizens with a huge debt. To payoff this debt after the war, the German government simply printed more money. This was done even though the country’s industry, agriculture, and commerce were not expanding because…

Slang of the 1920s

All Wet – Describes an erroneous idea or individual, as in, “he’s all wet.” Applesauce – an expletive; same as horsefeathers; as in “Ah applesauce!” Bee’s Knees – An extraordinary person, thing, idea; the ultimate Berries – That which is attractive or pleasing; similar to bee’s knees; as in “It’s the berries.” Big Cheese –…

Key Changes of Renaissance and Reformation

Charles V (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, as Charles I of Spain, of the Spanish realms from 1516 until his abdication in 1556.   As the heir of four of Europe’s leading dynasties – the Habsburgs of Austria, the Valois of Burgundy, the Trastamara of Castile and the House of Aragon – he ruled over extensive domains in Central, Western and Southern Europe, as well as the various…