Battle of Antietam & The Emancipation Proclamation

President Lincoln, shortly after the Battle of Antietam in September 17, 1862 in Maryland—where about 23,000 soldiers were killed or wounded and General Lee was rebound to Virginia providing a technical victory to Union’s army under Gen. McClellan—released the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation:, the decree warned that the seceded states which returned to Union control by…

Aboriginal Peoples Television Network : Significance & History

Background: The Aboriginal Peoples Television Network (APTN) is a television channel that broadcasts programs “made by, for and about Aboriginal Peoples”. “APTN is available in approximately 10 million Canadian households and  commercial establishments with cable, direct-to-home satellite (DTH), telco-delivered and fixed wireless television service providers. The network launched its high definition channel APTNHD in the…

Chinese Cultural Revolution (1965- 1976): Terms & Definitions

1. Big-Character poster: Are handwritten, wall-mounted posters using large-sized Chinese characters, used as a means of protest, propaganda, and popular communication. 2. Commissar: A Communist party official assigned to a military unit by the CCP to teach party principles and policies and to ensure party loyalty. Today the political commissar is largely responsible for administrative…

Ancient Roman Theater: Comedy, Tragedy, Atellan farce, Pantomime

Roman regarded theatre almost as equal as chariot-racing and gladiatorial contests The two most popular variations were: Comedy & Tragedy Set the foundation for European culture & drama over other forms of ancient entertainment Romans were the only people of classical antiquity to adapt Greek literature into their own language Originally plays were written in…

Essay: Importance of Propaganda in Training Hitler’s Troops

In films of Adolf Hitler’s Nazis marching the streets in military displays, there is a chilling atmosphere of complete conformity and belief in Nazism. The soldiers seem never-ending in number and proudly sing traditional German songs, marching simultaneously as though they were one single entity bent on achieving Hitler’s goals[1]. In the Holocaust, six million…

The Repression of 1934-43 & Stalin’s Political Dominance

The Great Terror that began with Kirov’s death had many far-reaching results. One of the main results was that Stalin’s political dominance was reinforced a thousand fold, but there were other consequences of the purges, both social and economic. These consequences changed the lives of ordinary Russian people to a huge extent – food shortages…