Battle of Antietam & The Emancipation Proclamation

President Lincoln, shortly after the Battle of Antietam in September 17, 1862 in Maryland—where about 23,000 soldiers were killed or wounded and General Lee was rebound to Virginia providing a technical victory to Union’s army under Gen. McClellan—released the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation:, the decree warned that the seceded states which returned to Union control by…

Aboriginal Peoples Television Network : Significance & History

Background: The Aboriginal Peoples Television Network (APTN) is a television channel that broadcasts programs “made by, for and about Aboriginal Peoples”. “APTN is available in approximately 10 million Canadian households and  commercial establishments with cable, direct-to-home satellite (DTH), telco-delivered and fixed wireless television service providers. The network launched its high definition channel APTNHD in the…

Chinese Cultural Revolution (1965- 1976): Terms & Definitions

1. Big-Character poster: Are handwritten, wall-mounted posters using large-sized Chinese characters, used as a means of protest, propaganda, and popular communication. 2. Commissar: A Communist party official assigned to a military unit by the CCP to teach party principles and policies and to ensure party loyalty. Today the political commissar is largely responsible for administrative…