Greek Drama: Tragedy, Comedy, Playwrights

Origins of Tragedy Annual spring festival of the gods Dionysus, called the Great or City of Dionysia to distinguish between the lesser rural festivities for Dionysus Tragedy came into existence simultaneously with gradual transforming of Athens into democracy Arrangements of the festival lay in the hands of eponymous archon and choregoi, wealthy citizens were required…

Jean Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract

Jean Jacques Rousseau, a French political philosopher, published The Social Contract in 1762, during the peak of the French Enlightenment.[1] Rousseau argued that no one person was entitled to have natural authority over others.[2] He continued his argument by suggesting that an agreement should be formed, in which all individuals give up their natural liberty…

Lev Kopelev: Terror in the Countryside (Holodomor)

In 1929, Joseph Stalin, the Communist leader, started a revolution that would transform the Soviet Union’s economy. A major aspect of the Stalin revolution consisted of the forced collectivization of agriculture. From 1929-1933, the collectivization drive met resistance, resulting in the liquidation of an estimated five million successful peasants called Kulaks.[1] In 1978, Lev Kopelev…

Industrial Revolutions of the 18th & 19th Centuries

The Industrial Revolutions of the 18th and 19th centuries gave birth to several innovative thinkers and industrialists. With their countless contributions to the industrial process, these people made Western society economically, socially, and politically sound, as it is today. However, this progress conflicts enormously with the modern concepts of morality. The exploitation of workers and…