New England Colonies

Name of Colony Date Founded Reason For Colony’s Establishment Founder Primary Economic Base Plymouth (Massachusetts) 1620 Separatists who desired to remain separate from the Anglican Church went to Plymouth William Bradford Agriculture(fishing, corn), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding) Salem (Massachusetts) 1630 English society was corrupt and as many people needed to be evacuated as possible John Winthrop…

Original Middle American Colonies

Name of Colony Date Founded Reason For Colony’s Establishment Founder Primary Economic Base New Jersey(New Netherlands) 1623 by Dutch, 1664 by English Originally settled by Dutch in 1623. Taken over by British. Proprietary grant made by Duke of York to George Carteret and Lord Berkeley English Colonists Manufacturing (ironworking, lumbering) New York (New Amsterdam) 1624…

Karl Marx & Freidrich Engels: Communist Manifesto

Karl Marx and Freidrich Engels were leading Prussian political theorists who developed Communism in the mid-19th century. Their most famous work, The Communist Manifesto was produced for the Communist League in 1848 in Brussels after Marx had been expelled from Prussia and France for his radical leftist beliefs. The Communist Manifesto argues that class struggles…

Greek Drama: Tragedy, Comedy, Playwrights

Origins of Tragedy Annual spring festival of the gods Dionysus, called the Great or City of Dionysia to distinguish between the lesser rural festivities for Dionysus Tragedy came into existence simultaneously with gradual transforming of Athens into democracy Arrangements of the festival lay in the hands of eponymous archon and choregoi, wealthy citizens were required…

Jean Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract

Jean Jacques Rousseau, a French political philosopher, published The Social Contract in 1762, during the peak of the French Enlightenment.[1] Rousseau argued that no one person was entitled to have natural authority over others.[2] He continued his argument by suggesting that an agreement should be formed, in which all individuals give up their natural liberty…

Lev Kopelev: Terror in the Countryside (Holodomor)

In 1929 Joseph Stalin, the Communist leader, started a revolution that would transform the Soviet Union’s economy. A major aspect of the Stalin revolution consisted of forced collectivization of agriculture. From 1929-1933, the collectivization drive met resistance, resulting in the liquidation of an estimated five million successful peasants called Kulaks.[1] In 1978, Lev Kopelev published…