Russian Revolution: Kornilov, Lenin, Stalin, Trotsky and Zinoviev

The February and October revolutions William Chamberlain describes the Feb. revolution as “the most leaderless, spontaneous, anonymous revolutions of all time”. That is true because there were no dominating figures such as Lenin present at the revolution. Others such as David Longley says that people “simply rose to the occasion” On Feb. 23 a demonstration…

Causes of World War One: Imperialism, Militarism, Alliances, Nationalism

Nationalism A. Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 i. Established a powerful Germany with industrial and military potentials that posed a threat to existing European powers. ii. French anti-German sentiment and desire for revenge over Germany’s annexation of Alsace-Lorraine. iii. France’s defeat sparked a revolution culminating in the French Third Republic. B. Russo-Japanese War 1905 i. In 1903,…

The Great Depression: Political and Economic causes in the America’s

What Is It? The Great Depression of the 1930’s was single handedly the most significant event of the 20th century. The Stock Market Crash occurred on October 29th 1929; and this event brought front the previous errors of the American people during the Roaring Twenties. Black Friday precipitated the economic event of that century; however,…

Disarmament treaties: The Washington Four Power Treaty and Naval convention 1922

The United States had rejected joining the League of Nations, leaving the growing conflicts of Anglo-American naval rivalry and worsening American-Japanese relations in the Pacific to be dealt in other ways. By 1919, the USA became alarmed at the rise of Japanese power in the Pacific. By this time, the Japanese had the 3rd largest…

Challenges of Peace-Making 1991-2008: Israelis & Palestinians

Israeli-Palestinian Peace Agreement 1993 1974: Yasser Arafat and other moderate PLO leaders hinted that they were ready to consider a mini-state for Palestinians, majority of which lived in West Bank and Gaza 1974: Arafat’s speech to UN, said that Palestinian problem was about people who are struggling with life. Main goal was to bring sympathy…

Marshall Plan: Historical Significance

(April 1948–December 1951), U.S.-sponsored program designed to rehabilitate the economies of 17 western and southern European countries in order to create stable conditions in which democratic institutions could survive. On June 5, 1947, in an address at Harvard University, Secretary of State George C. Marshall advanced the idea of a European self-help program to be…

Peace Treaties: St. Germain, Trianon, Neuilly, Sevres, Versailles

Treaty of St. Germain Officially signed on September 10, 1919 and came into force on July 16, 1920. The treaty officially registered the breakup of the Habsburg Empire, recognizing the independence of Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, and the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (Yugoslavia) and ceding eastern Galicia, Trento, southern Tirol, Trieste, and Istria.…