Political and State Power in Great River Valley Societies

State Leader & Symbolic Role Method of Unification Ruler’s Means of Control Egypt Pharoh (herdsman) sometimes functions as god. Organizing labor to manage floods; distribution of food; use of Nile River as highway to unify, control. Pharaoh’s commands, policies function as law, regarded as devine. Mesopotamia city-states King/Royals, mediate, lead, worship, receive oracles. Organizing labor;…

The Founding Fathers of the United States of America

Founding Fathers Samuel Adams John Hancock John Adams Paul Revere Benjamin Franklin Thomas Paine Thomas Jefferson Alexander Hamilton Patrick Henry George Washington Samuel Adams Born 1722, Died 1803 Harvard Degree 1740 “The Son’s of Liberty” Mastermind behind the Boston Massacre propaganda campaign and the Boston Tea Party Declined to participate in the Constitutional Convention of…

Nations in Upheaval: Europe: 1850-1914 (France, Germany, Britain)

The Rise of the Nation-State Political leaders driven to consolidate power By 1871 the process of consolidation and unification had created modern Germany and Italy, altering the balance of power The struggle between states for land and wealth occurred primarily outside Europe through imperialism The process of expanding a nation’s territory through the acquisition of…

On the Duty of Civil Disobedience (1849): Henry David Thoreau

Thoreau (1817-1862) was an American naturalist and writer.  This work of his has become the basis of non-violent protest throughout history and the world.  Thoreau believed that nonviolence or passive disobedience was necessary whenever government edict conflicted with higher moral law- the ideal natural law, from which human law was derived. I heartily accept the…