Nations in Upheaval: Europe: 1850-1914 (France, Germany, Britain)

The Rise of the Nation-State Political leaders driven to consolidate power By 1871 the process of consolidation and unification had created modern Germany and Italy, altering the balance of power The struggle between states for land and wealth occurred primarily outside Europe through imperialism The process of expanding a nation’s territory through the acquisition of…

On the Duty of Civil Disobedience (1849): Henry David Thoreau

Thoreau (1817-1862) was an American naturalist and writer.  This work of his has become the basis of non-violent protest throughout history and the world.  Thoreau believed that nonviolence or passive disobedience was necessary whenever government edict conflicted with higher moral law- the ideal natural law, from which human law was derived. I heartily accept the…

The Second Red Scare

With onset of Cold War in late 1940s began 2nd Red Scare.  This included: House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) was est. in WW2 to investigate ‘unpatriotic behavior’- late 1940s devoted to catching Communists -Highest profile investigation into Hollywood motion picture industry- produced a list called ‘The Red Channels’ identifying suspected Commies in Hollywood High…

The Progressive Era

Definition: Period from 1900 – 1920 during which reformers sought to improve government, regulate businesses, help workers and help the poor. Theodore Roosevelt (Republican) VP for William McKinley, became president at age 43 when McKinley assassinated in 1901- youngest ever Wanted to give all Americans a ‘Square Deal’- a more just and equitable society Much…