The French Constitution & Directory: 1795–1799

The New National Convention National Convention after Robespierre was much more conservative than before – entrenched values of moderate middle class -> drastic change for once-powerful groups like sans-culottes and Jacobins who were forced underground (‘sans-culottes’ even became a derisive term) French economy struggled during winter of 1794–1795, with widespread hunger Convention worked hard to…

French Revolution: Summary of Events

Feudalism and Unfair Taxation No one factor was directly responsible for French Revolution Feudal oppression and fiscal mismanagement contributed to a France on verge of revolt Number of financial advisors reviewed weakened French treasury with same conclusion à France needed a radical change in tax system Charles de Calonne suggested that France begin taxing previously…

Archduke Ferdinand & Serbia & Black Hand

Serbia Serbia of 1914 has been described as an aggressive, backward, and domestically violent nation. Part of the Austrian-Hungarian empire.  This empire included five religions and more than a dozen languages. Serbia was one of the chief sources of trouble for Austria-Hungary. Balkan region of Southeastern Europe controlled by A.H. Many of these nations looking…

History & Causes of Mental Illnesses

Nearly two-thirds of all people with diagnosable mental disorders do not seek treatment. –Surgeon General’s Report on Mental Illness What is mental illness? Mental illness is a disorderly functioning of the mind Early Explanations Demonology-thought that an evil being possessed a person; use exorcism to cast out evil spirits (e.g. chanting, elaborate prayer, force to…