Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae): History, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Corynebacteria are Gram-positive, aerobic, nonmotile, rod-shaped bacteria related to the Actinomycetes. They do not form spores or branch as do the actinomycetes, but they have the characteristic of forming irregular shaped, club-shaped or V-shaped arrangements in normal growth. They undergo snapping movements just after cell division which brings them into characteristic arrangements resembling Chinese letters.…

Premature Infancy & Infants: Causes & Treatment

Premature babies, otherwise known as preterm babies, or preemies, are babies that are born earlier than the full-term of thirty-eight to forty-two weeks of pregnancy. These babies are generally born between the twentieth and thirty-eighth week. Almost 250,000 babies, nearly seven percent of newborns, are premature(Golant 4). Prematurity, even with all the advances in technology,…

Steroids: Testosterone, Winstrol, Clenbuterol, Clomid, Dynabolon, Deca, etc

As defined in the Encyclopedia, steroids are a large group of naturally occurring and synthetic lipids or fat-soluble chemicals, with a great diversity of physiological activity.  Included among the steroids are certain alcohols (sterols), bile acids, many important hormones, some natural drugs and poisons found in the skin of some toads.  Cholesterol, a major contributor…