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Physical Chemistry: Equations and Important Facts

Atoms, Molecules, and Quantum Mechanics   Avogadro’s number = 6.022 × 1023 Cations are smaller than the original ions; anions are larger than the original ions Five periodic trends Ionization energy, electron affinity, and electronegativity increase from left to right, bottom to top Atomic radius and metallic character increase from right to left, top to…

Single Displacement Reactions Lab Explained

Purpose: Two observe two different single displacement reactions. Hypothesis: When zinc is added to copper (II) sulfate, a single displacement reaction will take place, creating a solid, copper, and zinc sulfate. When zinc is added to hydrochloric acid, hydrogen gas will be released a solid, zinc chloride, will be formed. Materials: Hydrochloric acid Zinc Copper…

Pros and Cons of Hydro electric & Wind energy

SOURCE ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES   HYDROELECTRICITY Produce inexpensive electricity Disrupt natural river flow Reservoirs used for flood control, irrigation, drinking water, and recreation Slow down river flow that can kill fish and other animals that depend on a steady flow Renewable energy source Alter water quality Increases reliability of energy sources Significant obstacle to fish and…