Betrayal in Hamlet

Gertrude Gertrude betrays Hamlet and the late King Hamlet by marrying Claudius. Hamlet, being still depressed about his father’s death was further upset and felt betrayed by his mother when she quickly married Claudius. “Mother, you have my father much offended …You are the queen, your husband’s wife …” (3.4.10-15) By marrying her former husband’s…

Important Events and Dates in Modern European History

1341 (April 6)     Petrarch crowned Poet Laureate. The Renaissance begins. 1397:                 Giovanni de Medici Moves to Florence: Giovanni de Medici, the papal banker, settles in Florence and becomes a patron of the arts, beginning the Medici rule over Florence. 1401:                 Ghiberti awarded the Right to Sculpt the Doors of The Baptistry in Florence: It takes…

Contributions of Ancient Rome

RELIGION Facilitated the spread of Christianity throughout the Empire. GOVERNMENT Democracy plus Senate (Members represented sections of society) LITERATURE Ovid: Metamorphoses, Virgil: Aeneid, Cicero: Rhetorical works. HISTORICAL WORKS Tacitus: Histories;  Julius Caesar: Histories of  Rome. CONSTRUCTION Marcus Vitruvius Pollio: “De architectura,” deals with urban planning, building materials, temple construction, public and private buildings, and hydraulics,…

Respiratory Disorders: Asthma, Bronchitis, Emphysema, Cystic Fibrosis

Asthma – results in contraction of smooth muscle that surrounds airways – makes breathing difficult – allergic reaction – treat with bronchodilators – causes airways to dilate (increase in diameter) Bronchitis – inflammation of bronchial lining + overproduction of mucous and frequent coughing – related to smoking and other irritants (air pollution etc) – increased…