Stress, Stressors, Pain

Nature of stress Stressor: stimuli/ events in environment that place demands on us Response: stress (physiological? Cognitive? Behavioural? Person-situation Interaction: Transaction between organism & environment Stressors (Situations) Eliciting Stimuli: Place demands on well-being & require us to adapt Microstressors: daily hassles Catastrophic Events: occur unexpectedly..affect large #’s of people Major Negative Events: stressful life events…

Endosymbiosis & Lateral Gene Transfer

Endosymbiotic Theory: Mitochondria & Chloroplast are descendants of prokaryotic cells; they share clear structural/ biochemical features with modern prokaryotes. Cyanobacteria: blue-green algae; obtain their energy through photosynthesis Lateral gene Transfer: Gene from Mitochondria & Chloroplast MOVE from Mitochondria & Chloroplast to the nucleus Evidence of Endosymbiosis (Happened after evolution of aerobic prokaryotes) Morphology: Form of…

Treatment of Psychological Disorders

Goal of treatment: Help to change maladaptive thoughts, feelings, behaviours Helping Relationships: Most therapists today use an eclectic approach (A person who derives ideas, style, or taste from a broad and diverse range of sources.) Psychodynamic Therapy ASSUMPTIONS: Behavior is driven by biological urges, interpsychic conflict and developmental fixations GOALS: client seeks insight regarding unconscious…

Who are the Hazara?

The Hazara are a minority ethnic  group that make up approximately 19-20% of Afghanistan’s population.  Their Asian (Mongolian) features distinguish them from other people in Afghanistan.  They look like Mongolians and East Asians.  The Hazara are visually, linguistically and religiously different from all the other people around them.  As a result, they have long been…