Social Learning Theory: ALBERT BANDURA (1925-)

Canadian, born in northern Alberta Behaviourism theory of the time stated that one’s environment causes one’s behaviour Bandura agreed that environment causes behaviour, but he also believed that behaviour causes environment – he labelled this “reciprocal determinism” – that the world and a person’s behaviour cause each other He studied personality as it interacted with…

Lawrence Kohlberg: The Six Stages of Moral Development

Kohlberg’s six stage theory was an extension of Jean Piaget’s cognitive development theory (how people learn and use knowledge is affected by both social and psychological factors). Kohlberg extended on Piaget’s theory, proposing that moral development is a continual process that occurs throughout the lifespan (the stage you are in life determines your level of…

Erik Erikson and the 8 Stages of Development

Ÿ  Erikson’s theories are the best-known theories of personality and development. Ÿ  Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of predetermined stages. Ÿ  His theories are psychosocial, and not psychosexual. Ÿ  Describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan. Ÿ  In each stage of development, Erikson described conflicts that act as turning…