Article last reviewed: 2018 | St. Rosemary Institution © 2010-2019 | Creative Commons 4.0

Environmental Values and Ethics

Utilitarian Justification– conservation of nature is important because the environment, ecosystem, habitat, or species provides individuals (aka humans) with direst economic benefits. Ecological Justification– conservation of nature is based on the knowledge that a species, ecological community, ecosystem, or the Earth’s biosphere provides specific function necessary to the persistence of our life. Aesthetic Justification– conservation…

ENTROPY

Entropy, S, is the tendency towards randomness or disorder in a system – an ordered arrangement of particles has a lower entropy/disorder than the same number of particles in random arrangements Entropy becomes more disordered with: 1.) ^ Temperature – more chaotic motion 2.) ^ Volume of gases 3.) change in phys. State A change…

International Law

Customs, rules, and agreements that govern relations between sovereign states.  More recently also includes handling such matters as human rights within the borders of sovereign nations. Is international law real law? Domestic Law Vs. International law No international legislature passing laws – UN closest to such a forum No comprehensive judicial system – International Court…

Human Rights

1948 UN General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Outlines basic human rights including: The right to life, liberty and nationality Freedom of opinion, conscience, and religion Right to work Right to an education Right to take part in the nation’s public business 1966 United Nations Convention on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights…

Types of Legal Defenses

Legal Defenses •    Insanity •    Automatism •    Intoxication •    Duress •    Self-Defense •    Alibi •    Necessity •    Mistake of Fact •    Provocation •    Officially induced error •    Entrapment •    Double Jeopardy Insanity •    Accused cannot perform the Mens Rea of the offence or is not fit to stand trial. To Prove Insanity you must: •  …

Aboriginal Rights

Aboriginal Rights: Collective rights rooted in historic cultural traditions and practices, based on ancestral use of the land. Rights as distinct peoples recognized in law and treaties Collective Rights: Rights held through membership to a group.  All members have same rights. Areas of Concern: Self-government Land ownership Control of natural resources The Royal Proclamation, 1763…