Tutor and Freelance Writer. Science Teacher and Lover of Essays. Article last reviewed: 2019 | St. Rosemary Institution © 2010-2020 | Creative Commons 4.0

Causes of World War One: Imperialism, Militarism, Alliances, Nationalism

Nationalism A. Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 i. Established a powerful Germany with industrial and military potentials that posed a threat to existing European powers. ii. French anti-German sentiment and desire for revenge over Germany’s annexation of Alsace-Lorraine. iii. France’s defeat sparked a revolution culminating in the French Third Republic. B. Russo-Japanese War 1905 i. In 1903,…

Disarmament treaties: The Washington Four Power Treaty and Naval convention 1922

The United States had rejected joining the League of Nations, leaving the growing conflicts of Anglo-American naval rivalry and worsening American-Japanese relations in the Pacific to be dealt in other ways. By 1919, the USA became alarmed at the rise of Japanese power in the Pacific. By this time, the Japanese had the 3rd largest…

Challenges of Peace-Making 1991-2008: Israelis & Palestinians

Israeli-Palestinian Peace Agreement 1993 1974: Yasser Arafat and other moderate PLO leaders hinted that they were ready to consider a mini-state for Palestinians, majority of which lived in West Bank and Gaza 1974: Arafat’s speech to UN, said that Palestinian problem was about people who are struggling with life. Main goal was to bring sympathy…

Peace Treaties: St. Germain, Trianon, Neuilly, Sevres, Versailles

Treaty of St. Germain Officially signed on September 10, 1919 and came into force on July 16, 1920. The treaty officially registered the breakup of the Habsburg Empire, recognizing the independence of Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, and the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (Yugoslavia) and ceding eastern Galicia, Trento, southern Tirol, Trieste, and Istria.…

League of Nations: Enforcement of Treaties & Sanctions

The secretariat of the League was divided into three main departments dealing with: Economic, financial and transit questions Social and humanitarian problems (health, drug traffic, child welfare, social work, refugees, intellectual collaboration); Legal and administrative questions (registration of international treaties, protection of minorities, mandates, slavery). The League had four ways to enforce the provisions of…