Tutor and Freelance Writer. Science Teacher and Lover of Essays. Article last reviewed: 2019 | St. Rosemary Institution © 2010-2020 | Creative Commons 4.0

Asthma: Causes, Pathophysiology, Treatment

A disease characterized by variable, recurrent, reversible airway obstruction with intermittent episode of wheezing and dyspnea. It is associated with bronchial hypersensitivity and inflammation caused by various stimuli. Asthma is the most common chronic disease of childhood with 5% to 10% of school-aged children having symptoms of asthma. Asthma may develop on infants, but it…

Coronary Artery Disease (Ischemic Heart Disease): Overview & Coronary Artery Disease (Ischemic Heart Disease): Overview & Pathophysiology

Coronary artery disease is a condition  in which fatty deposits (atheroma) accumulate in the cells lining the wall of the coronary arteries. These fatty deposits build up gradually and irregularly in the large branches of the two main coronary arteries which encircle the heart and are the main source of its blood supply. This process…

Pneumonia: Pathophysiology & Complications

A distinguishing feature of lower airway and pulmonary vessel disorders is the presence of dyspnea. Dyspnea (shortness of breath) is a subjective experience that results when air flow, oxygen exchange, or both are impaired. The sensation of uncomfortable breathing can be as distressing as pain and can lead to severe functional disability. The intensity and…

Physical Chemistry: Equations and Important Facts

Atoms, Molecules, and Quantum Mechanics   Avogadro’s number = 6.022 × 1023 Cations are smaller than the original ions; anions are larger than the original ions Five periodic trends Ionization energy, electron affinity, and electronegativity increase from left to right, bottom to top Atomic radius and metallic character increase from right to left, top to…

Pros and Cons of Hydro electric & Wind energy

SOURCE ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES   HYDROELECTRICITY Produce inexpensive electricity Disrupt natural river flow Reservoirs used for flood control, irrigation, drinking water, and recreation Slow down river flow that can kill fish and other animals that depend on a steady flow Renewable energy source Alter water quality Increases reliability of energy sources Significant obstacle to fish and…