Isomers: Structure and Function

In chemistry, isomers are compounds with the same molecular formula but different structural formulas. The word is derived from the Greek ισομερης, isomerès; isos = “equal”, méros = “part”. There are many different classes of isomers, like stereoisomers, enantiomers, geometrical isomers (see chart below). Isomers do not necessarily share similar properties, unless they also have…

What is Existentialism?

Existentialists believe that man’s own individual experience or “existing” comes before anything such as a general purpose, goodness or “truth,” or any other Absolute that may be felt to exist.  Man creates himself through his own thoughts and actions, since the only reality for an individual is that of his own personal existence and nothing…

Gothic Elements

1. Setting in a castle. The action takes place in and around an old castle, sometimes seemingly abandoned, sometimes occupied. The castle often contains secret passages, trap doors, secret rooms, dark or hidden staircases, and possibly ruined sections. 2. An atmosphere of mystery and suspense. The work is pervaded by a threatening feeling, a fear…

Romantic Elements

1. Infinitely striving for the unattainable. Trying to achieve something that will never be real. Enjoying the act of always wanting what you can’t have. 2.  Powerful love. Heart stirring, often sudden, emotions create a life or death commitment. 3. Uncertainty of reciprocation of love. What is the beloved thinking? Is the lover’s love returned…

Crime Definitions

Homicide: killing another human being, either directly or indirectly Non-Culpable Homicide: is not criminal and occurs when death is caused by complete accident or in self-defence First Degree Murder: –          is planned and deliberate (considered, not impulsive) –          victim is a law enforcement agent –          occurs while another offensive crime is being committed –          occurs…

Grounds of Discrimination

Activities protected by human rights legislation include employment, accommodation and facilities, and meeting special needs. 1.  Employment Everyone has a right to “equal treatment with respect to employment” in the job application process, as well as in training, transfers, promotions, apprenticeship, dismissal, and layoffs. CONSTRUCTIVE AND DIRECT DISCRIMINATION Constructive Discrimination – employment policies that inadvertently…

Types of Assault

There are three levels of assault: 1) Simple Assault occurs when an individual Applies intentional force to another person without the other person’s consent Attempting or threatening, by an act or gesture to apply force Approaching or blocking the way of another person while openly wearing or carrying a weapon or an imitation of a…

Heian Period

Movement to “Heian-kyo” known today as Kyoto, capital of Japan from 794 until 1868 Abandoning the Chinese Sent no further missions to China severed continental contact = increasing independence, adaptation The City of Heian-kyo Rectangular about 2 1/2 miles across from west to east and about 3 1/2 miles long from north to south. A stone…

Ancient Japan

An Introduction Our Records… Japan does not appear in history until 57 CE when it is first mentioned in Chinese histories. In these histories, it is referred to as “Wa.” The Chinese historians tell us of a land divided into a hundred or so separate tribal communities without writing or political unity. Their Records… The…