Article last reviewed: 2016 | St. Rosemary Institution © 2010-2017 | Creative Commons 4.0

Buddhism and the Self: Four Noble Truths

The centerpiece of Buddhism is the doctrine of Interdependent Arising There are no independent, enduring selves that reap the benefits and suffer the misfortunes of life Persons are constituted by five sets of processes: Physical processes: nervous system, immune system, DNA, etc. Processes of sensation: responsible for feelings of pain and pleasure Perceptual processes: responsible…

Mental & Physical Development over Lifespan

Developmental psychology examines changes in biological, physical, psychological, and behavioural processes over age Four issues guide developmental research: Nature and nurture – To what extent is our development the product of heredity (nature) or the product of the environment (nurture)? How do they interact? Critical and sensitive periods – Are some experiences especially important at…

What is Personality? How is it form?

Personality – the distinctive and relatively enduring ways of thinking, feeling, and acting that characterize a person’s responses to life situations Aspects of personality have three characteristics: Seen as components of identity that distinguish that person from other people Behaviours viewed as being caused primarily by internal rather than environmental factors Behaviours seem to fit…

Psychological Disorders

Historical Perspectives on Psychological Disorders The Demonological View Abnormal behaviour was claimed to be work of the devil Procedure called trephination drilled hole in skull to release evil spirits Early Biological Views Hippocrates suggested that mental illnesses are diseases just like physical disorders Believed that site of illness was the brain Biological emphasis increased after…

Types of Treatment of Psychological Disorders

Mental health professionals fall into several categories: Counseling and clinical psychologists – typically hold a Ph.D. or Psy.D. Psychiatrists – medical doctors who specialize in psychotherapy and biomedical treatments Therapist, counselor, psychotherapist, hypnotist are NOT protected terms APA membership: 29% eclectic (combined), 21% psychodynamic, 16% behavioural, 13% cognitive, 12% humanistic, 9% other Psychodynamic Therapies Psychoanalysis…